Simple Tips For Growing Coffee At Home

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Most people go to the shops to get their coffee; it’s easier to do, there’s a wide selection to choose from, and not everyone is capable of growing their own coffee at home. Part of this is because coffee requires certain conditions to grow properly, and it can be difficult to get any sort of harvest when growing in specific regions. On top of that, a single coffee tree does not have enough of a yield to produce enough coffee, and a person will need quite a fair amount of space in order to have coffee to drink every day.

For those that are in the right environment and do have the patience, time, space, and willingness to learn, growing coffee can be a rewarding experience.

Where To Start

The first question that a potential grower will need to ask themselves is whether they want to grow the coffee plant from seed or buy it already potted. This depends entirely on the amount of time they have available to ensure that the seedling takes once it has been planted. This is important as it can take up to a decade before a plant starts putting out actual coffee beans, so sometimes it’s just easier to get a mature plant and put it in the ground, significantly reducing the amount of time that needs to be waited before the beans can be harvested.

Replicating The Environment

Naturally, coffee grows in a unique environment, and requires a lot of humidity, dappled sunlight, as well as lots of misting. It’s fairly common in some countries to grow the plant indoors, where the temperature, humidity, and light can be closely controlled.

The tree needs around 4 to 5 hours of sunlight a day, but because coffee in nature usually grows beneath a canopy, it won’t do well when exposed to direct sunlight. It needs warmer temperatures throughout the day, and if it gets too cold at night, the tree might die.

If the grower lives in a warmer climate, growing the plant outside is possible, but it’s still vital to ensure that all the right conditions are met. One of the biggest factors to always keep in mind is the temperatures at night: even an unusually cold night can spell doom for the plant.

It’s worth knowing that growing coffee indoors offers a lot of benefits. When it blooms, it produces white flowers that smell similar to jasmine that can fill up an entire room.

How To Care For The Plant

Once the right environment has been created, it comes down to meeting all of the plant’s needs. It will need quite a lot of water and food to stay healthy, and the seeds themselves will need to be watered every day. The soil needs to be kept dark and rich, with plenty of watering, but also well-drained. Fertilisers can be used every two weeks or so from the beginning of March to October, and then after that it needs fertilising just once a month and playing at can help cover the costs. While fertilisation may not be necessary when growing outdoors, it does help increase the overall yield of the plant.